Dowry is a simple word with five latter but consist a huge curse for the bride and her family who are forced to give demanded dowry to the bridegroom’s side at the time of daughter’s wedding. Sometime, this evil becomes the cause for a big loss in the form of suicide commitment by brides or her family members. It is the high time for us to aware people about this completely non-acceptable major crime in India that is “Dowry System”. Thus, we are here offering essays on this important issue of Dowry System in different words count. Two categories are defined for essays, one is long essay on dowry system and other is short essay on dowry system.
Short Essay on Dowry System
In this category, three essays are offered with 100, 200, 300 words count in which a brief description about Dowry System is given:
Dowry System Essay 1 (100 words)
Dowry, the worst evil in our country is still becoming the reason of many unwanted issues that is happening on daily basis in our country which includes physical injuries of brides, social abuse, social harassments, bride burning and the worst one is suicide by brides or her parents. Dowry is not that when parents offers something, either expensive or not, to the groom’s side on the occasion of her daughter’s wedding by their own wish, but when they are forced to give expensive things to the groom’s side then it is called Dowry. In our country India, various government and non-government organizations are working since many years for ending this evil but still could not get success. This social crime is still thriving in India at different places in hidden.
Dowry System Essay 2 (200 words)
Dowry is a kind of begging which a greedy people from groom side demands to the people from bride side on the cost of their son. The difference is only that people are in well dress and demands for hard cash, property, movable things, furniture, gold and many more. Though, in our country India everyone knows that demanding or giving dowry is a crime according to dowry prohibition act of 1961 but most of the people are still doing or being the part of this crime in hidden. The system or practice of dowry in India has taken a serious form and it causes some other major crimes in country, female feticide is one of them. Due to this evil of Dowry System, many girls or women have either burnt or committed suicide.
Various Non-Governmental organizations are working for preventing this cruel crime of dowry system and have succeeded a little bit but still could not be able to completely remove it from our country. Thus, we all should be united and take this issue as serious as any other issue in our life whether we have a girl child or not. Dowry system is a common problem for all in our country that is much hazardous for a girl.
Dowry System Essay 3 (300 words)
The practice of forcefully taking money or some other expensive things by groom’s side from bride’s side at the time of wedding is called dowry. This unwanted ritual has been following since the pre historical time and now has become a curse for the people who are not financially able to fulfil the demand of groom’s side. Generally a huge portion of population is much aware about this worst crime and its side effects but cannot remain away from becoming the part of it while they are well educated and financially strong.
Many organizations either government or non-government has been continuously putting all their efforts for ending or destroying this evil from our country since many years and in result, ratio of this crime in India is falling but still could not be able to throw it from root. Basic idea behind this ritual was to make comfortable the newly wedded couple with all essential things that may be required for starting up their new life. Some people has made this oldest practice of developing a new relation between two individual families, called marriage, a kind of business, which completely favour the groom’s family as they are offered various expensive things from the bride’s family.
In India, criteria has been set for this cruel evil of Dowry System “richer the family, higher the dowry demand” means people from financially well established family ask more money according to their status or according to their son’s qualification. For bride side sometimes dowry depends on the physical beauty of bride; if bride is not physically beautiful her parents have to pay more money in dowry.
Long Essay on Dowry System
In this category, two essays are given with 400 and 600 words count. Matters in these essays consists detailed description about Dowry System and its hazardous effects on our country with solution too. Students of higher classes can use it according to their requirement:
Dowry System Essay 4 (400 words)
In this 21st century, when it is proved that girls are equal to boys and can do all things whatever boys can, then why Dowry System only favours to boys family and is a big curse for bride side. In Dowry System, according to ritual only boy’s family have right to demand cash, furniture, vehicle, expensive appliances, gold and utensils from bride side in the form of Dowry. And this illogical ritual is followed since many centuries before. Sometimes, it become a huge burden for bride’s parents and forced them to sale their property or other expensive things for fulfilling the demand by groom side, just because they are parents of a girl child.
Causes of this system:
- Uneducated people who think that they are superior as they have a boy child.
- Orthodox mentality of old people.
- It has become a status symbol for some people to demand huge dowry from bride side.
- Lack of women education and empowerment.
Effects of Dowry System:
- Results of Dowry system is very hazardous for all of us when we demand for money from other as dowry, then a day someone will also ask for dowry from us too.
- Mostly, a girl has to pay for this shameful tradition, they are injured, burnt and some time forced to commit suicide when her parents are not able to pay invalid expensive demands by her in laws.
- Parents of bride are forced to take some harsh decision (like sale their property or taking loan, etc) for arranging the money or other things, which they have asked as dowry.
- It gives rise to “Female Foeticide” where people kill their girl child before birth to avoid the burden of dowry at the time for her marriage and other social issues related to the girls.
What could be the solution?
If there is a problem then there is a solution too, no problem comes without solution and this Dowry system is not an exception. Here are some points as solution:
- Women education is must for making them aware about this critical issue and make them able so that they can take decision against this dowry system.
- Women empowerment is also necessary for all girls, so that they can be self independent and able to take own responsibility.
- It’s time to change orthodox mentality of old people in manner to teach them about huge negative impacts of Dowry system on our society.
- Advertisements, campaigns or “Nukkad Natak” are the multiple ways of spreading awareness among people about the shameful tradition of “Dowry System”.
- Laws should be strict against the guilty who caught while taking or demanding dowry.
“Jab Jago Tabhi Sabera”; though we have passed so many centuries with this tradition of “Dowry System” including its harmful effects on us and our future generations, but it’s never too late, now it is right time to come together for fighting against this one of the major crimes in India which still has its root in all places of our country.
Dowry System Essay 5 (600 words)
One of the worst social crimes thriving in our country is “DOWRY SYSTEM”. It is badly influencing most of the parents who have given birth to a girl child. And this crime has also become the reason of another cruel crime of “Female Feticide”. The system of dowry takes place where groom’s family are greedy and want to do a business deal with bride’s family and demands cash, vehicle, clothes, gold, furniture, appliances, utensils or other things on the cost of their son and they name it as “wedding ceremony”. They have forgotten the pure and sacred feelings of wedding and just have made it as a business deal.
Act against Dowry System:
According to the records in India, most of the incidents occur where bride is either burnt or committed suicide due to this cruel evil of dowry system. Various actions have been taken for ending this crucial problem in our country by the government and non-government organizations. By government of India, an act has been declared to prohibit the give and take dowry directly or indirectly, enacted in year of 1961. According to it, dowry “any expensive property or valuable security” taken by one party from another party, either their parents or relatives, at the time of wedding or before and after the time of wedding, it comes under the dowry prohibition act of 1961.
Penalty for demanding dowry:
Penalty for the party, whether they demand dowry directly or indirectly, is imprisonment of 6 to 24 months with the fine of not less than 10000 Rs.
Penalty for giving or taking dowry:
Penalty for both parties, if they give or take dowry, whether at the time of marriage or before and after the marriage is imprisonment of minimum 5 years with fine of 15000 Rs.
Results of Dowry System:
It is quite obvious that result of Dowry system has been always very bad for all and further it will be more dangerous.
- Till now various girls child are killed before birth as their parents don’t want to have burden of a girl child, because at the time of their daughter’s wedding they have to give dowry to the groom side.
- Bride’s parents are forced to sale their house, agriculture fields or other expensive properties to get rid of the debt which they had taken at the time of their daughter’s wedding to fulfil the demands of groom side.
- Accidental incidents like suicide or burning happens with the bride when her parents could not be able to fulfil the unlimited demands by her husband’s parents or relatives.
Solutions to this problem:
Solutions for this unacceptable problem are:
- Firstly the law against this crime should be strict and rigid with no concession.
- Women education and empowerment is must for preventing this crime.
- Awareness by advertisements and campaigns should be spread all over country to tell people about the hazardous effects of this crime.
- Women should take stand against this illogical demand by groom side.
One of the worst crimes that is arising its head in most of the communities during wedding is “dowry system”, that is completely non acceptable for all. One side we say that boys and girls are equal in all matter and girls are not less than boys; on the other side we make such a huge difference between them at the time of their marriage when boy’s parents have right to demand dowry from bride side and bride side is forced to fulfill their demand at any cost. If we want our country to be a successful and developed country, then dowry system should be completely ended.
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Marriage is an integral part of society, a source of joy and festivities as well as of new beginnings. Yet, one of the longest standing evils associated with marriage from a woman’s point of view in the Indian society is the Dowry system. Despite a lot being said and done against the custom, it is still prevalent in the 21st century, in both subtle and obvious ways. The root of a host of social atrocities against women, the custom of presenting dowry is the crudest expression of the male-dominance in the society. It is most often the mandatory custom of a girl’s parents having to provide a considerable amount of cash, gold in the form of jewelry, electronic equipment, movable or immovable properties, to the groom and his family, at the time of marriage. Although the origin of the custom lies with parents trying to assure financial stability for their daughters, in current perspective it has translated into parents paying up for the assurance of well-being of their daughters. The jewelry and cash that a bride brings with her from her parents’ house is often referred to as “Streedhan” and in theory is the property of the girl, but in reality it is often treated as their rightful due by the groom’s family. The sum to be paid as dowry has no set standard, the yardstick greatly depends on the groom’s profession/social standing and is often perceived as the groom’s family as the compensation of efforts they have made to educate their boy. In a more subtle perspective, one may define this custom as the unquestioned idea that the girl’s family is inferior in standing with the boy’s family, no matter what her qualities are. Thus they need to be on their best behavior and offer lavish “gifts” to please the boy’s family. This ideal is so ingrained in the psyche of a large number of Indians, they either practically ruin themselves financially in order to pay for the appropriate price of the chosen groom, or make a bid to eradicate the prospect of this financial burden by selective gender-biased abortion or female infanticide.This exploitative system that has turned the custom of giving gifts and well wishes into a compulsory demand for money, respect and subjugation, is the one of the major contributing factors hindering the growth of the Indian society where being a woman is still viewed synonymous to being a burden.
Causes of Dowry System
1. Greed Factor – dowry demands often is exemplary of the collective greed of the society. Extortion in the name of social standing, compensation for the cost of groom’s education, his financial stability is a key feature of Indian marriages. Demands are put forward shamelessly and are expected to be met with silence. Threats of withdrawing the proposal looms on the bride’s family’s head at the cost of losing face in the community, and portions of the agreed upon sum is often demanded before the actual ceremony.
2. Society Structure – the dowry system is largely the manifestation of the patriarchal nature of the Indian society where men are considered superior to women in aspects of physical and mental capabilities. With the backdrop of such societal structure, women are often considered second-tier citizens, fit to assume only domesticated roles. Such perceptions are often associated of them being treated as a burden in economic terms first by the father and then by the husband. This feeling is further compounded by the dowry system which fuels the belief that girl child is a potential cause of drain of family finances.
3. Religious Dictates – Religious constraints imposed by the society on marriage customs, mainly suitability of groom have a contributing factor towards the dowry problem. These constraints do not condone inter-religious marriages or even between different religious sects and a suitable groom has to be found from the same religious backgrounds. These restrictions limit the number of suitable matches. Boys of marriageable age with desirable qualifications become a prize and this in turn encourages the practice of the catch being caught by the highest bidder.
4. Social Constraints – Aside from similar religious backgrounds, further constrains are imposed based on caste system and social status. Practices like caste endogamy and clan exogamy, has to be kept in mind while arranging a match. Preferred matches have to belong to the same caste, different clan and same or higher social standings. These limitations again severely deplete the pool of marriageable men leading to similar consequences for demanding dowry.
5. Social Status of Women – the inferior social standing of women in Indian society is so deep-rooted in the psyche of the nation, that this treatment of them as mere commodities is accepted without question, not only by the family but by the women themselves. When marriage is viewed as the ultimate achievement for women, evil practices like dowry takes its roots deeper in the society.
6. Illiteracy – lack of formal education is another cause for the prevalence of the dowry system. A large number of women are deliberately kept from schools either due to certain superstitions or from the belief that educating girls will take away from their eligibility as good wives.
7. Propulsion Towards Adhering to Customs – Indians value traditions a lot and they tend not to question customs. They follow traditions blindly and provide dowry because it is the norm handed down through generations.
8. Urge to Show Off – dowry is often a means for showing off social stature in our country. One’s worth in society is often measured by how much one spends in daughter’s wedding or how much gold one gives to them. This perspective heavily justifies the practice of dowry demands. The boy’s family in turns gains new heights of social standings based of the amount of dowry their new bride brings in which is indicator of how desirable their boy was in the marriage market.
Effects of Dowry System
1. Short Term Effects of Dowry System – these effects of the dowry system are immediate and are a permanent fixture in the daily news.
a. Injustice towards girls – dowry bears a huge financial obligation for the bride’s family. As a consequence, a girl child is viewed a possible source of drain on the family’s finances, ultimately an onus. This view evolves into gigantic proportions taking the shape of infanticides and feticides of girl child. Girls are often marginalized in the areas of education where boys of the family are given preference. They are thrust towards domestic chores from a very early age. A host of restrictions are imposed on them in the name of family honour and they are made to stay indoors. Child marriages are still practiced because age is counted as an index of purity. It also stems from the belief that young girls can be better molded into the household roles than older girls. The amount of dowry increases according to the girl’s age, fuelling the practice.
b. Violence against women – contrary to hopeful parents, dowry is often not a one-time pay up. Demands are continuously made by the husband’s family who consider the girl’s family as a never ending source of finance. Inability by the girl’s family often leads to verbal abuse, domestic violence and even deaths. Brides being burned by the in-laws are hardly a novelty in this country. Continuous physical and mental torture instigates women to go into depression and commit suicide. 2016 figures indicate that in India, 20 women die every day due to dowry related issues.
c. Economic burden – getting a girl married is associated with a hefty amount of money by Indian parents due to direct or subtle demands for dowry by the groom’s family. Families often borrow heavily, mortgage properties leading to major decline in economic health.
d. Gender inequality – the idea of paying dowry in order to get a girl married generates an increased sense of inequality among the genders, placing men superior to women. Young girls are kept from schools while their brothers are given access to education. They are regarded incompetent for roles other than housework and are often discouraged from taking up jobs. Their opinions are suppressed, not valued or ignored more often than not. Physical and behavioral restrictions are imposed on girls that are completely natural for boys.
2. Long Term Effects of Dowry System – the short term effects lead to the following long-term consequences
a. Gender imbalance – the much abhorred practices like abortion of female fetuses and killing of girl babies have resulted into an unnaturally skewed child sex ratio (CSR) in India. In states like Haryana and Rajasthan where these practices are most prevalent, the CSR stands at 830 girls per 1000 boys. This in turn leads to peculiar practices like polyandry and an increase in violence against women.
b. Loss of self-esteem in women – in a country which has experienced centuries of inferior attitude towards women, it is very hard to maintain a high level of self-regard if you are a woman. Naturally, women themselves are bound in the shackles of an idea that they are incapable of any contributions to the society. Their sense of self-worth hits rock bottom and they are increasingly subjugated to injustice.
c. Status of women –practices like dowry are social evils and a huge deterrent towards improvement of social status of women in India. Inferiority of women has been impressed upon the minds of the nation time and again by the demands of dowry.
Solutions to Dowry System
1. Law – several laws have been enacted to prohibit the practice of dowry and the injustice against women stemming from it. The Dowry Prohibition Act was passed on 20th May, 1961 with an aim to eradicate the evil practice from the society. The act declares not only the practice of accepting dowry unlawful, but also penalizes giving of the same. It includes property, valuable security like cash and jewelry exchanging hand during the marriage. Making demands of dowry is punishable by a minimum imprisonment of 5 years and a minimum fine of 15,000 rupees. Incidences of cruelty by the husband or his family against the wife have been addressed in the Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code and Section 198A in the Criminal Procedure Code. Section 113A added in the Indian Evidence Act further provides the family of the bride to charge the husband’s family of abetting suicide of their daughter within 7 years from the date of marriage.
2. Enforcement – it is never enough to just introduce acts and amend sections to fight against a social evil. This requires strict and ruthless enforcement of such laws. That aspect still leaves a lot to be desired. Although such allegations are taken very seriously by the authorities, lack of proper investigative procedures often leads to the accused going free. The government needs to ensure a zero-tolerance policy for such offenders and ensure enforcement of the law through systemic changes.
3. Social Awareness – creating a widespread awareness against the evils of the dowry system is key first step towards eradicating the practice.Campaigns should be designed to reach the deepest strata of the society and aim to spread knowledge about the legal provisions against dowry. There also is the need to promote the need for educating the girl children.
4. Education and self-dependence of women – education is not just required to find your vocation in life, it is essential to gain eyes and ears to a world beyond the one you can immediately see. It is important or all of us to emphasize on educating the girls in order to fight widespread social evils like dowry. Knowledge of their rights will enable them to speak up against practice of dowry and ongoing marginalization. They will also be able to strive for self-dependence and not view marriage as their only salvation.
5. Overhaul of mindsets –India as a country requires major overhaul of its existing mindsets in order to push back against the iniquitous custom of dowry. They need to realise the fact that in today’s society women are perfectly capable of doing anything that men can. Women themselves need to come out of the belief that they are inferior to men and they need to depend on men to provide for them.