Essay On Culture And Traditions Of India

Culture is basically defined as the totality of arts and other various manifestations of human intellectual achievements regarded in a collective manner. Culture is an idea, a value, a belief any particular civilization holds closely to its roots or foundation at any given period in time. It is generalized as a “State of Mind”.

It is the way we interact with one another, the way we behave and react to our environment and certain other things. Culture interprets the manner in which a society perceives abstract entities and by which such a society is perceived. It is established as the diverse manifestations resulting from the basic principles, behaviours and ethics of a specific group of individuals.

To limit the definition of the word “Culture” to the above stated few lines would be doing great injustice to a concept that is a system which encompasses the totality of everything we have come to know today. It is a systematic emancipation, which continuously and consistently absorbs and passes back to society, all that is initiated by different religions, beliefs and races, who are in extremely close proximity with one another, giving the cultural concept a new dimension and meaning as time proceeds.

Culture is an integration of diverse entities, music, family, social norms, fashion, food and attitude. It is an existing, vibrant and ever changing activity which completely takes over and absorbs our way of life in any certain period of time. This is what generates the whole visual perception, or picture of the social and psychological fabric of society.

The Indian culture, a majority of historians would confirm is one of the richest, most dynamic and intriguing cultural heritages ever to be known by man. India is blessed with such a rich cultural tradition. There is such a delightful and balanced blend of philosophy, art and religion within the context of Indian culture and history. Each entity is so aesthetically interwoven in the values and fabric of the Indian way of life, customs, thought and values that they are inseparable.

The Indian culture is fundamentally a result of a never ending synthesis that has taken in a variety of numerous superficial influences in the advancement of its journey through time and history (Aurobindo, 20). The first evidence of civilization took place among the Indian people some four thousand years prior to the birth of Christ.

Unarguably, one of, if not the oldest of traditions, the Indians have been exposed to a series of never ending, uninterrupted and unbroken sequences of civilizations. Yet, the flexibility and dynamism of the Indian cultural heritage has enabled its people survive these alien invasions and still significantly hold on to the traditions and originality even after it had inculcated the most beneficial of these outside influences.

The Indians by nature possess a submissive mental attitude towards culture or tradition, born out of a philosophical doctrine that all events are predetermined in advance for all time and human beings are powerless to its inevitability. Thus, the Indian mind has assimilated, to a rather large extent, the context of the diverse cultures, hence the wealthy heritage and uniqueness. Today, it is that buoyant uniqueness that attracts the western world to the Indian culture. Disenchanted from their worldly and bourgeois way of life, westerners turn to India to find peace and solace.

The Indian culture and history can certainly boast of the stimulating and mind opening wisdom found in the ancient epics such as the likes of Ramayana and Mahabharata that serve as beacons of enlightenment and awareness to the seekers of truth and spiritual bliss. Lord Krishna speaks, in the Bhargava Gita of how each and every individual can come to abide in the subtle philosophical principles embedded in the scriptures in ones day to day activities. Lord Buddha equally teaches the principles of followership of the “Middle Path” by exercising and exerting authority over passions. It should be clearly admitted that Indian sages or mentors in spiritual and philosophical issues renowned for their profound wisdom hard started analysing and deducing hypothesis on life’s issues for more than decades of centuries, the west only recently began pondering on such issues.

Influenced and induced by the philosophical trends of history, as well as religious and moral beliefs, Indian art from the caves of Ajanta, Khajuraho, Ellora and the temples of the south are living witnesses and testimonies to the satisfying aesthetic standards and sensibility of perfection achieved by Indian sculptors, architects and artists in the ancient times. Westerners have claim of intense spiritual enlightenment and awakening on visitations to such temples.

In music as well as dance, are two other significant entities that characterize the rich and dynamic culture of the Indians. The Indian cultural music is strikingly extraordinary due to its continuity in development and growth. Prior to the Christian historic period, Indian music had propagated not only definite rules of practical theory, but an even depth of insight and understanding of appreciative measure. Having been built on the foundations and concept of ragas and fast, Indian music and dance are established as appropriate in depicting diverse emotions and moods.

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Hindustani and Karnataka, two significant schools of classical music, whose rules are derived from the Sangeet Ratnakarby Sarangdeva and Natya Shastra of Bharata are well established in Indian history. These forms of classical music have had a great impact as well as having influenced to a large account, western music. Zakir Hussain, Pandit Ravi Shankar and a host of other notable Maestros have made tremendous contributions to the growth and development of Indian classical music to the western world.

The backdrop and foundations of Indian dance, comes with a diverse and wealthy essence. Historians lay claim to the notion that Indian dance is as diverse as the culture and the land itself. Undoubtedly, it still holds unto the implicit bond that binds the Indian people together. From a range of classical, to folk, the dances of India are an articulate and eloquent blend of expressions of an ancient civilization, whose erudition continuously evokes the desired search of humans for a conscious identity and self-discovery within one’s self and with his creator.

The beauty of Indian dance is in its ability to convey the people’s sense of rhythm and abandon as well as their jocularity. Often said, the origins of these dances can be linked to Hindu temples, where they were first birthed and nurtured until they attained maturity and their full stature, hence the impulse of such dances to have or exhibit some religious context to it. Four systems of classical dance are accounted for in Indian culture, though other prominent ones exist. But as in all performing arts within the context of the Indian history and traditions, the concept of “rasa” advocates a central position. This essence of the rasa is conveyed via the “Bhava” or the “expression”, through the emulation of Abhinaya.

Hinduism is said to be the earliest form of religion in Indian history and dates back to several millenniums. Hinduism’s earliest records can be found in the Indus valley civilization. Owing its core values to Vedas and the Hindu culture, it lays its focus and reference from the Holy Scriptures in the sacred language of the Sanskrit. Laying its projection on the belief in god in a variety of forms and on the emphasis on rituals, which are said to be practical in the unity of spiritual togetherness and kinship, other essentially notable features are the belief in the Guru Shishya tradition of learning and a divided structured caste system.

Apart from the Hindu Religion, Indian culture and history boast of the Jains, who claim, and have presented scholarly reports and documentation to prove that their religion is the most ancient of religions.

Another very critical and historically famous religion notable in the Indian history is Buddhism. Based on the teachings and practises of Gautama Buddha. Many say Buddhism, rather than a religion is more of a system of morality and ethics.

Through forceful coercion and conversions, Islam was introduced into India by invaders, who set up religion and rule in the country. Today it is one of the largest religions amongst the Indian community. The Greeks and Indian civilizations came into close proximity and thus the influences of such civilizations rubbed off on each culture, this was as a result of Alexander’s prominent invasion on India, which opened up a land route from Europe to the India. The impact of civilization was further felt, as the French, Portuguese and to a larger extent the Brits, whose influences of Christianity played a minimal but enduring role on Indian civilization and cultural heritage as well as its religious beliefs.

In recent times, Indians have demonstrated a deep interest in further encouraging and promoting its cultural and unique historical values and heritage. This revivification of India’s national identity has been greeted with a boost of larger awareness in the sectors of Indian classical music and dance and the realm of indigenous folk arts the world over

Educational institutions are beginning to ensure that future generations are inculcated and imbibed with the values of the buoyant cultural and historical heritage of its people for the world to see. Cultural Festivals of India have been a huge success in the west in recent times, so has the government’s effort in promoting Indian heritage and cultural values domestically been met with huge and enthusiastic response.

The Indian culture is one of philosophical dynamism. Throughout history and time, no other civilization nor cultural heritage has been known to produce deduced hypothetical philosophy that has transcended into the future from the past. Be it in the sciences, medicine, astronomy as well as astrology, the Indian culture has bordered it all. Ancient and modern India has produced some of the world’s greatest minds and thinkers, this phenomena can be easily associated to the vast knowledge that lies within the underlying layers of the Indian heritage. As William Durant, the great American historian put it, “India is the motherland of our race.”

Works Cited

  • Aurobindo, Sri. The Renaissance in India: On Indian Culture and Other Essays.  Arya: Aug 1918. Print.
  • Amartya, Sen. The Argumentative Indian: Writings on Indian History, Culture and Identity. Picador 1st Edition: 2006. Print.
  • “Arts and Culture.” National Portal of India. n.d. Web 10 June 2013. Retrieved from
  • Elwin, V. The Religion of an Indian Tribe. Bombay: Oxford University Press. 1943. Print.
  • Muller, Max. F. Sacred Books of the East: The Zend Avesta, Vol 1: The Vendidad. 1910. Web. 10 June 2013. Retrieved from

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India has always been considered a culturally rich country with diverse food habits, traditions, beliefs, social customs, attire, language, festivals, etc. Though all major religions of the world are practiced here such as Hinduism, Jainism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and Zoroastrianism, citizens of India live in harmony and peace by respecting each other’s beliefs and culture. We must be well-conversant with our rich cultural heritage and do everything to preserve the unique amalgamation of cultures, religions and beliefs. On many occasions, we are asked to speak on the incredible culture of India. So, we are providing you few speeches on Indian Culture to help you leave a lasting impression on the audience.

Speech on Indian Culture – 1

Hon’ble Chief Guest, Hon’ble Vice President, Respected Principal, Dear Fellow Teachers, Staff Members, Dear Students and Dear Parents,

As you all are aware that we have gathered today for the inauguration of our much-awaited ABC Arts College, I am highly honoured of having this opportunity to deliver the Welcome Speech on this auspicious occasion.

There were many exciting and popular topics such as digitization, globalization, e-governance, etc which I could have considered, but then I thought, there is one important topic which we all are kind of forgetting in our busy lives, i.e., Indian Culture.

Since our college will impart knowledge on Arts, I find this to be the best occasion to deliver a few lines on our Indian Culture.

Culture is a condition of being educated or cultivated. It’s an idea and philosophy of a specific society at a specific time. In fact, Culture is formed out of the ethics and moral values that control a society. While culture is the result of several factors like social, religious beliefs, customs, traditions etc, it is important that we cultivate our culture with rich and positive thoughts.

India has always been considered a culturally rich country in the world because of its unity in diversity. India has several states with diverse food habits, traditions, beliefs, social customs, attire, language, festivals, etc. India is a vast land and all major religions of the world are practiced here such as Hinduism, Jainism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and Zoroastrianism.

The exclusive characteristic of our country is secularism and the best part is that every citizen of India lives in harmony and peace by respecting each other’s beliefs and culture. We celebrate every occasion with the same zeal by praying, feasting, visiting the fairs, singing, dancing and by wearing colourful dresses.

Students are the future of our country and we want all our students to imbibe our cultural values and promote harmony and peace in the country. It’s been seen that some anti-social elements are damaging the country’s honour and its rich heritage. We appeal to all of you not to get influenced, instead support the ideals of peaceful co-existence introduced by the legends such as Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, and Dr. BR Ambedkar.

In our college, we will be celebrating all the festivals like Diwali, ID, Dusshera, Holi, Christmas, Baisakhi, Onam, Guruparv, Pongal, Bihu, etc and we request all our students to participate wholeheartedly in them. The success of all these occasions solely depends upon your enthusiasm and innovative ideas while the college administration would always be there to provide all types of aids and support.

While on one hand, India is known for its cultural richness, it has also earned great fame and a recognizable place in the world of science and now scientific temper has become an inseparable aspect of Indian Culture and Society.

Having said that, I would like to say that it is still easy to create culture but what is difficult is to preserve it. It has taken ages for our forefathers to form such a composite and ethnically rich culture, what is important for us is to preserve it and I am sure, together we can achieve it.

Thank You!

Speech on Indian Culture – 2

Good Morning everyone!

I welcome you all on this grand event. Hope you all are doing great and are happy to be a part of this session.

Today, let’s share our views on what is the most amusing thing about India. Give it a thought. Ok! Meanwhile you think about it, I will share my point. It is India’s culture that fascinates me the most. India is a unique amalgamation of cultures, religions and beliefs.  Perhaps no other country of the world presents such a fascinating medley of a rich and variegated heritage that is as old as the civilization itself. Our country has a wonderful capacity of assimilating other beliefs as well as deeply influencing other thoughts and traditions.

Indian culture is perfectly created out of the values that permeate its soul. India’s social customs, religious and spiritual concepts, education, literature all come together to create what we call as its culture. It is also known as ‘Mother of Cultures’. Music, dance, painting, sculpture and other art forms, agriculture, science, and industry all sectors trace their roots back to centuries.

The strength of Indian culture has always been in its broad-heartedness, its ability to accept and assimilate other thoughts wholeheartedly. Giving respect and reverence to elders is the cornerstone of Indian culture. Our guest is our God; it is a very common cultural trend of this country.

India is a vast nation with a federal structure. There are 29 states and seven union territories that present a veritable potpourri of different cultures, languages, habits and religions that make Indian culture stand out in the whole world. Unity in diversity is the strength of Indian culture.

In food habits too, India presents a mind-blowing variety: North Indian, South Indian, Mughlai, Continental, etc. The different festivals that are celebrated in the country add to the peaceful co-existence of people of different faiths living on the country. Indian culture is actually an outcome of a continuous synthesis of several external influences in the course of its long and eventful journey.

The Indian youths feel proud to be connected to diverse cultural trends and often opt to be a part of showcasing the Indian cultural trend in their schools, colleges and institutions.

The wonder that is India has managed to survive the ravages of time, several external aggression and centuries of foreign rule. This even strengthens my thought and interest of knowing more about Indian culture.

Being the citizens of this mesmerizing country, we all should feel proud to be born in this cradle of civilization. It is a rare experience that India amongst all countries gives us. A perfect blend of diverse customs, beliefs, traditions and what not. Along with being a part of this wonderful culture we should make sure that we continue to create its awareness amongst the coming generation as well. Our message is the first thing that will create the impact in their life and which will further lead to enrichment of Indian culture.

Thank You!

Speech on Indian Culture – 3

Honourable Chief Guest, Respected Dignitaries, Members of the Faculty and Dear Friends!

I have great pleasure in sharing my thoughts with you today as we come together to celebrate the great and grand culture of India.

India is synonymous with hospitality and large-heartedness. The warmth of India is to be seen in its multifarious interactions and exchanges with peoples, races and communities from around the world.

The acme of hospitality in India may be witnessed in the homes of Indians. The warmth that Indians show in their homes is a representation of their warm-heartedness.

Athithi devo bhava” is a dictum the Indian lives by. The guest, in other words, is treated as a God. It is a sign of Indians’ love and faith in the human race with no discrimination and reservation. Indians can embrace other humans with open arms. Xenophobia is not a characteristic of the hospitable and warm Indian.

The sense of hospitality lets Indians give priority to guests, over themselves, to ensure their well-being and comfort.

The idea of hospitality in the people can be seen as the root of the country’s culture as an accepting and embracing one, willing to be inclusive in its approach. This has always been the tradition of India and its people.

The culture of India has not remained rigid, but has been a very elastic one, seamlessly accepting and integrating disparate elements, from all over the world, within itself. This has generated a healthy culture of robustly diverse traditions, practices and customs. And all of this diversity has found its place under the Indian sun. In fact, the Indian psyche has been such as to promote diversity and foster the growth of the many elements making up the culture of the country.

Therefore, we find in India the presence of so many different faiths, all willing to live together harmoniously, in a spirit of common brotherhood and love. India has liberally, with open arms and large hearts, been willing to play host to people of all religions. People have the freedom and liberty to practice their faith and follow their customs and traditions fearlessly. You can see the Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Jews and Zoroastrians making up the Indian populace.

It may be said that the people of the country have been very forward in their thinking. As a corollary, Indian culture is a very forward looking one.

The hospitality of Indians has been a trait that has found its expression in every field making the culture of the country a highly evolved one.

For all the diversity that India possesses, there is an underlying unity. And this makes for peace and harmony among the people. The unity is, in fact, in the shared ideals of service, common brotherhood and love.

Indian society is pluralistic. And the Indian culture has evolved to be a rich, vibrant and sustainable one.

We, as Indians, are, one and all, proud to be part of what makes up the Indian culture!

Thank you all!


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