1. Kerala Sahitya Akademi – Kerala Sahitya Akademi or Academy for Malayalam literature is an autonomous body established to promote Malayalam language and literature. It is situated in City of Thrissur, Kerala in India, the academy was inaugurated on October 15,1956, by Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, the former king of Travancore, in Thiruvananthapuram. It was shifted to its present location at City of Thrissur on September,1957, though the Kerala Government provides the funding and support for the academy, the administration of the academy is autonomous according to its constitution. As of 2016 the academy is headed by Malayalam short story writer Vaisakhan, who is serving as its President, Khadija Mumtaz as its Vice President, the Akademi has one of the best libraries in Kerala. It is a doctoral research centre for the universities in Kerala. The Akademi also holds periodic book festivals to encourage reading among the masses, the Akademi has a picture gallery of writers of yester years. The Akademi regularly publishes three journals Sahithyalokam, Sahithya Chakravalam and Malayalam Literary Survey, the Akademi awards the illustrious Ezhuthachan Puraskaram, which is named after the father of Malayalam literature Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan, yearly to prominent literary figures. Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award Sahitya Akademi Kerala Sahitya Academy Kerala Sahitya Academy, Governing Body Sahitya Akademy, Indias National Academy of Letters
2. Government of Kerala – The Government of Kerala headquartered at Thiruvananthapuram is a democratically elected body that governs the State of Kerala, India. The state government is headed by the Governor of Kerala as the head of state. The state government maintains its capital at Thiruvananthapuram and is seated at the Kerala Government Secretariat or the Hajur Kutcheri. The Government of Kerala was formed on November 1,1956 after merging of State of Travancore-Cochin with the Malabar district of the Madras state as part of States Reorganisation Act,1956, the Governor is appointed by the President for a term of five years. The executive and legislative powers lie with the Chief Minister and his council of ministers, the Governors of the states and territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level. Only Indian citizens above 35 years of age are eligible for appointment, P Sathasivam is the present governor. The Governor enjoys many different types of powers, Executive powers related to administration, appointments, Legislative powers related to lawmaking and the state legislature. Discretionary powers to be carried out according to the discretion of the Governor, the legislature comprises the governor and the legislative assembly, which is the highest political organ in state. The governor has the power to summon the assembly or to close the same, all members of the legislative assembly are directly elected, normally once in every five years by the eligible voters who are above 18 years of age. The current assembly consists of 140 elected members and one nominated by the governor from the Anglo-Indian Community. The elected members one of its own members as its chairman who is called the speaker. The speaker is assisted by the deputy speaker who is elected by the members. The conduct of meeting in the house is the responsibility of the Speaker, the main function of the assembly is to pass laws and rules. Every bill passed by the house has to be approved by the governor before it becomes applicable. The normal term of the assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. But while a proclamation of state of emergency is in operation, the High Court of Kerala is the apex court for the state, it also hears cases from the Union Territory of Lakshadweep. It is a court of record and has all the powers of such a court including the authority to punish an individual for contempt of court. Like all other High Courts of India, this court also consists of a Chief Justice, at present, the sanctioned Judge strength of the High Court of Kerala is 27 Permanent Judges including the Chief Justice H. L. Dattu and two additional judges
3. Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan – Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan was a Malayalam devotional poet and linguist from around the 16th century. Today he is known as the father of Malayalam language – the principal language of the Indian state Kerala, Ezhuthachan was born in Trikkantiyur, near the present day Tirur municipality. After the birth of his daughter, Ezhuthachan became a monk and wandered throughout southern India before finally building his monastery at modern day Chittoor, Ezhuthachans contribution to the Malayalam language is widely considered as unparalleled. He brought massive changes and standardisation in the language through his works and he translated the two Hindu epics, the Ramayana and Mahabharata, to Malayalam for the common man with the mingling of the Sanskrit and Dravidian languages. He also brought the language to the level of the non-Brahminss understanding, Ezhuthachan used Malayalam language to challenge the prevailing social conditions. He is known for using his literary works as a tool against the rule of privileged. Ezhuthachan is also considered as a significant voice of the Bhakti movement in Kerala, Ezhuthachans other major contribution has been in establishing an alphabet system equivalent to Sanskrit instead of Vattezhuthu, the 30-letter script of Malayalam. The highest literary honour instituted by the Kerala Government is known as the Ezhuthachan Award, Ezhuthachan is generally believed to be lived c. 16th century. Though poet – turned historian – Ulloor S Parameshwara Iyer has surmised that he was born in 1495 AD and lived up to 1575 AD, radhakrishnan argued that Ezhuthachan’s age must have been between 1475 and 1550 AD. It is however generally accepted that he lived in the sixteenth century, Ezhuthachan was born at Trikkantiyur, near the modern-day municipal town of Tirur, in Malappuram. His precise birthplace is now known as Thunchan Parambu and his parents names are not known clearly and there is some confusion about Ezhuthachans actual name as well. After completing his education he got married but embraced sanyasa after the birth of a daughter, leaving house he travelled to various places in Andhra and Tamil Nadu and learnt Telugu and Tamil. Some scholars surmise that his Ramayana and Mahabharata were adopted from the Telugu versions of these Sanskrit epics and it is believed that Ezhuthachan on his way back from a pilgrimage to Tamil Nadu had a stopover at Chittur and settled down at Thekke Gramam near Anikkode with his disciples. A monastery, then called Ramananda ashrama and now known as the Chittur Gurumadhom, was constructed by him on a piece of donated by the Nair barons of the area. In this village he founded a Rama temple as well as a Siva temple, Ezhuthachan lived for nearly four decades at the monastery, writing his masterpieces. In his monastery, he trained a group of famous disciples, suryanarayanans Skandapuranam, Karunakarans Shivaratri Mahatmyam and Devans Vijnana Ratna and Vedantasaram are still considered as gems of religious literature in Malayalam. The madhom is flanked by temples of Rama and Siva and the street has an array of Agraharas, at the madhom, some of the instruments used by Ezhuthachan are still preserved. A Sri Chakra and a few idols worshipped by him, the stylus, the slippers
4. Malayalam – Malayalam /mʌləˈjɑːləm/ is a language spoken in India, predominantly in the state of Kerala. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and was designated as a Classical Language in India in 2013 and it was developed to the current form mainly by the influence of the poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century. Malayalam has official status in the state of Kerala and in the union territories of Lakshadweep. It belongs to the Dravidian family of languages and is spoken by some 38 million people, according to one theory, Malayalam originated from Middle Tamil in the 7th century. However, the current understanding proposes the separation of Malayalam from Proto-Dravidian in the pre-historic era, Malayalam incorporated many elements from Sanskrit through the ages. Before Malayalam came into being, Old Tamil was used in literature and courts of a region called Tamilakam, including present day Kerala state, silappatikaramit was written by Chera prince Ilango Adigal from Chunkaparra, and is considered a classic in Sangam literature. Modern Malayalam still preserves many words from the ancient Tamil vocabulary of Sangam literature, the earliest script used to write Malayalam was the Vatteluttu alphabet, and later the Kolezhuttu, which derived from it. As Malayalam began to borrow words as well as the rules of grammar from Sanskrit. This developed into the modern Malayalam script, many medieval liturgical texts were written in an admixture of Sanskrit and early Malayalam, called Manipravalam. The oldest literary work in Malayalam, distinct from the Tamil tradition, is dated from between the 9th and 11th centuries, the first travelogue in any Indian language is the Malayalam Varthamanappusthakam, written by Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar in 1785. Due to its lineage deriving from both Tamil and Sanskrit, the Malayalam script has the largest number of letters among the Indian language orthographies, the Malayalam script includes letters capable of representing almost all the sounds of all Indo-Aryan and Dravidian languages. Malayalam serves as a language on the islands including the Mahl-dominated Minicoy Island. The word Malayalam originated from the Sanskrit resp, Malayalam words malai or mala, meaning hill, and elam, meaning region. Malayalam thus translates as hill region and used to refer to the land of the Chera dynasty, the language Malayalam is alternatively called Alealum, Malayalani, Malayali, Malean, Maliyad, and Mallealle. The word Malayalam originally meant only for the name of the region, Malayanma or Malayayma represented the language. With the emergence of modern Malayalam language, the name of the language started to be known by the name of the region, hence now, the word Malayanma is considered by some to represent the olden Malayalam language. The language got the name Malayalam during the mid 19th century, the origin of Malayalam, an independent offshoot of the proto-Dravidian language, has been and continues to be an engaging pursuit among comparative historical linguists. Together with Tamil, Toda, Kannada and Tulu, Malayalam belongs to the group of Dravidian languages
5. Sooranad Kunjan Pillai – In 1984 he received the Padmashri award for his contribution to Malayalam literature and education. He was born to Neelakanta Pillai and Karthiyanipillai Amma on 26 November 1911 in Sooranad South in Kollam district and he married Bhagavathi Amma in 1935. He is survived by three daughters and a son and he received his schooling in Thevalakkara Malayalam School, Chavara English School, and later joined the Thiruvananthapuram Arts College. He earned his masters degree in English in 1933 and subsequently received his Masters in Sanskrit, kunjan Pillai wrote books in English and Sanskrit in addition to Malayalam. He also had knowledge of Tamil and Hindi. He published his first work Smashanadeepam in 1925 when he was still in school and he has prepared more than 150 textbooks for high school classes. He has written more than 1000 forewords for the books of contemporary writers of Malayalam. He has also written the Malayala nikhandu, in 1984 he was honoured with Padmashri by Govt. of India. He received the Fellowship of Kerala Sahithya Academy and was made a Fellow of the History Association and he was honoured with D. Litt by the Meerut University in 1991 and University of Kerala in 1992. He received the Vallathol Puraskaram in 1992 and the first Ezhuthachan Puraskaram instituted by Govt. of Kerala in 1994
6. Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai
തുഞ്ചത്തെഴുത്തച്ഛന്: ആധുനികമലയാളഭാഷയുടെ പിതാവും ഭക്തകവിയുമായിരുന്ന തുഞ്ചത്തെഴുത്തച്ഛനെക്കുറിച്ച് ഇന്നു നമുക്കറിയുന്നത് നാമമാത്രമായിട്ടുള്ള ചില കാര്യങ്ങള് മാത്രമാണ്. അദ്ദേഹം ജീവിച്ചിരുന്ന കാലഘട്ടം, അദ്ദേഹത്തിന്റെ മാതാപിതാക്കള്, അദ്ദേഹം രചിച്ച കൃതികള്എന്നിവയെക്കുറിച്ച് പണ്ഡിതന്മാര് ഭിന്നാഭിപ്രായക്കാരാണ്. എഴുത്തച്ഛനെക്കുറിച്ചുള്ള നിരവധി ഐതിഹ്യങ്ങള് മാത്രമാണ് ഇന്നു നിലനില്ക്കുന്നത്. എഴുത്തച്ഛനെക്കുറിച്ചുള്ള വസ്തുനിഷ്ഠമായ ജീവചരിത്രഗ്രന്ഥങ്ങള് വളരെ വിരളമായാണ് രചിക്കപ്പെട്ടിട്ടുള്ളത്. അവയിലേതെങ്കിലും ഇന്ന് ലഭ്യമാണോ എന്നും സംശയമാണ്.
1926-ല് പ്രസിദ്ധീകരിക്കപ്പെട്ടതും വിദ്വാന് കെ. ശങ്കരന് എഴുത്തച്ഛന് രചിച്ചതുമായ “തുഞ്ചത്തെഴുത്തച്ഛന്” എന്ന കൃതിയുടെ ഒരു പഴയ കോപ്പി ശ്രീ രഘുനാഥന്ജി സ്കാന് ചെയ്ത് അടുത്ത ദിവസം അയച്ചുതരുകയുണ്ടായി. തുഞ്ചത്തെഴുത്തച്ഛന്റെ ജീവിതത്തിനെക്കുറിച്ചും കൃതികളെക്കുറിച്ചും ലഭ്യമായ എല്ലാ വസ്തുതകളെയും, അവയെക്കുറിച്ച് പണ്ഡിതന്മാരുടെയിടയിലുള്ള വ്യത്യസ്താഭിപ്രായങ്ങളെയും ഗ്രന്ഥകര്ത്താവ് ഉദ്ധരിക്കുകയും അവയെ യുക്തിപൂര്വ്വം വിശകലനം ചെയ്യുകയും ചെയ്തിട്ടുള്ളത് ചരിത്രജിജ്ഞാസുക്കള്ക്ക് വളരെയധികം പ്രയോജനം ചെയ്യും. എഴുത്തച്ഛന്റെ ജീവിതകാലം 1625-നും 1725-നും (കൊല്ലവര്ഷം 700-നും 800-നും) മദ്ധ്യേയായിരുന്നു എന്ന അഭിപ്രായത്തിനെയാണ് ഗ്രന്ഥകാരന് സ്വീകരിക്കുന്നത്.
തുഞ്ചത്തെഴുത്തച്ഛന് – ജീവചരിത്രം – ഉള്ളടക്കം
അദ്ധ്യായം 1 – ജീവചരിത്രസംഗ്രഹം 40 പേജ്
അദ്ധ്യായം 2 – എഴുത്തച്ഛനും മലയാളഭാഷയും
അദ്ധ്യായം 3 – കിളിപ്പാട്ട്
അദ്ധ്യായം 4 – തര്ജ്ജമ
അദ്ധ്യായം 5 – എഴുത്തച്ഛന്റെ ഗ്രന്ഥങ്ങള്
അദ്ധ്യായം 6 – എഴുത്തച്ഛന്റെ സാഹിത്യം
കടപ്പാട്: ഈ പുസ്തകം സ്കാന്ചെയ്ത് ഈ ബ്ലോഗില് പ്രസിദ്ധീകരിക്കുവാനായി സദയം അയച്ചുതന്ന ശ്രീ രഘുനാഥന്ജിയോടുള്ള നിസ്സീമമായ കടപ്പാട് ഇവിടെ രേഖപ്പെടുത്തുന്നു.
ഡൗണ്ലോഡ് തുഞ്ചത്തെഴുത്തച്ഛന് – ജീവചരിത്രം ഇ-ബുക്ക്
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