One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest, a novel by Ken Kasey and published in 1962, is a modern classic. The novel unfolds in Oregon, USA in an insane asylym and is an acclaimed study of the human mind and how psychiatric institutions worked at the time.
Chief Bromden, a half Native American presumed to be deaf and mute, narrates the novel. He focuses on Randle McMurphy and his antics in the hospital involving other patients and staff. Mildred Ratched, the Head Nurse, reigns over the hospital with an iron fist and is antagonized by McMurphy at every turn.
Here is a great selection of essay topics for the novel, along with a brief description of each to help you get going:
Bromden has been freed and has not been lobotomized, meaning he can narrate the story of McMurphy and take the concluding lessons to the world outside.
When the patients are confronted with the seamen, they are unable to respond in-kind to their insults, relying instead on McMurphy’s help. Once out to the sea though, McMurphy steps aside and leaves his fellow patients to their own devices. To their great surprise, they learn that they can handle things themselves and net themselves a large catch, giving them a new perspective of themselves as able men.
Kasey, through his narrator Bromden, sees modern society as an all-enveloping, oppressive force that forces its occupants, the individuals, to conform to its norms and become just another link in the chain. Through the main character, McMurphy, Kasey challenges this way of doing things and shows that there is space in the world for individual freedoms.
Nurse Ratched is a symbol of an oppressive, machine-like modern society and its decrepit institutions that force its individuals to conform to its norms. Therefore, although she is nominally the villain, the true villain in this story is society.
Electroshock therapy was a recognized tool for treatment of psychiatric patients at the time. Chief Bromden, the narrator, positions the therapy as a last resort to be used in the most extreme cases. However, Nurse Bromden uses electroshock therapy as a tool of punishment for patients who do not conform to her totalitarian control of the hospital.
Below you will find five outstanding thesis statements for “One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest” by Ken Kesey that can be used as essay starters or paper topics. All five incorporate at least one of the themes found in the novel by Ken Kesey and are broad enough so that it will be easy to find textual support, yet narrow enough to provide a focused clear thesis statement. These thesis statements offer a short summary of “One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest” in terms of different elements that could be important in an essay. You are, of course, free to add your own analysis and understanding of the plot or themes to them for your essay. Using the essay topics below in conjunction with the list of important quotes from “One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest” at the bottom of the page, you should have no trouble connecting with the text and writing an excellent essay.Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #1: The Author as Novelist and Participant-Observer
One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest is a novel, and author Ken Kesey informed the book with his experiences as an employee in a mental institution; such direct observation creates a sense of authenticity that might not otherwise be achieved. Ken Kesey went one step further however, by subjecting himself to the same treatments that the patients in the mental institution experienced, receiving electroshock therapy and taking psychotropic medication. Although going as far as he did as a participant-observer-novelist is controversial, it makes One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest engaging and credible. As a result, the author is able to compel the reader to feel empathy for the characters.Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #2: The Theme of Authority in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Although the setting of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is limited to the interior of the ward of a mental institution, the reader does not meet any significant authority figures other than Nurse Ratched. Nurse Ratched is a severe, overbearing individual who strives to maintain a rigid hierarchical structure that was typical of mental institutions at the time when Ken Kesey wrote One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest. While the reader never really catches a glimpse of Nurse Ratched outside of her buttoned-up authority role, one might analyze her character and her behavior, interpreting both as a defense mechanism. Despite the guise of absolute control, Nurse Ratched actually feels out of control inside, threatened by the patients because they confront her with the possibility that she may not be so well herself.
Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #3: Character Density in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
One of the most fascinating aspects of Ken Kesey’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest is the fact that the novel is populated with an unusually large number of characters for the genre. There are more than 30 characters, major and minor, each of whom adds to the plot and makes the subject more meaningful. Although it may be challenging to keep up with this large cast of characters, each seems essential to the novel. The function of each character is to highlight a certain aspect of society that Kesey found problematic at the time. While the treatment of the mentally ill was obviously one aspect of society Kesey found problematic, there were many others, including racism, sexism, and homophobia.
Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #4: Concepts of Care
There are three nurses who play significant roles in One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest: the despotic Nurse Ratched, the religious and self-involved Nurse Pilbow, and a compassionate, effective nurse who the reader only comes to know as the Japanese Nurse. Each of these three nurses offers a very different type of care to the patients in the mental institution. In light of what is now known about the effective and humane treatment of people with mental illnesses, it is the Japanese Nurse who offers the most compassionate care. The fact that the Japanese nurse remains a marginal figure compared to the other two and the fact that she remains anonymous, without a real name, reinforces Kesey’s criticism of the mental health system at the time during which he was writing the novel.
Thesis Statement/Essay Topic #5: The Topic of Race in One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest
Although the reader is entering a world that is clearly not normal, located as it is in a mental institution, there are varying degrees of dysfunction and disorder in One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest. Characters who are not Caucasian, whether patients or “normals," are portrayed as particularly depraved and even sub-human. Kesey did not seem to believe that this was, in fact, the case. Rather, he is exaggerating the characteristics that were attributed to minorities during the time to point out how pervasive, ridiculous, and damaging racism could be.
This list of important quotations from “One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest” by Ken Kesey will help you work with the essay topics and thesis statements above by allowing you to support your claims. All of the important quotes from “One Flew Over the Cockoo's Nest” listed here correspond, at least in some way, to the paper topics above and by themselves can give you great ideas for an essay by offering quotes and explanations about other themes, symbols, imagery, and motifs than those already mentioned and explained. Aside from the thesis statements above, these quotes alone can act as essay questions or study questions as they are all relevant to the text in an important way. All quotes contain page numbers as well. Look at the bottom of the page to identify which edition of the text by Ken Kesey they are referring to.
“…a little Jap nurse came to take us into the Nurses' Station….The nurse…undid our cuffs and gave McMurphy a cigarette and gave me a stick of gum. She said she remembered that I chewed gum…She picked up one of his hands in both of hers and turned it over and salved his knuckles” (233).
“And, like I explain, the Big Nurse gets real put out if anything keeps her outfit from running smooth" (41)
“She doesn’t accuse. She merely needs to insinuate, insinuate anything, don’t you see?… She’ll call a man to the door of the Nurses’ Station and stand there and ask him about a Kleenex found under his bed. No more, just ask. And he’ll feel like he’s lying to her, whatever answer he gives." (60)
“McMurphy’s… onto what I realized a long time back, that it’s not just the Big Nurse by herself, but it’s the whole Combine, the nation-wide Combine that’s the really big force, and the nurse is just a high-ranking official for them." (165)
“It is difficult to enforce discipline in these surroundings. You must be able to see that…. You must see that the staff has a problem; what can we do?" (171)
“When you broke a rule, you knew it. You wanted to be dealt with, needed it, but the punishment did not come. That foolish lenience on the part of your parents may have been the germ that grew into your present illness. I tell you this hoping you will understand that it is entirely for your own good that we enforce discipline and order." (171)
“A good many of you are in here because you could not adjust to the rules of society in the Outside World, because you refused to face up to them, because you tried to circumvent them and avoid them." (171)
“Please understand: We do not impose certain rules and restrictions on you without a great deal of thought about their therapeutic value." (171)
“Black boys in white suits up before me to commit sex acts in the hall and get it mopped up before I can catch them." (9)